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CCSVI Liberation for Multiple Sclerosis

Multiple Sclerosis (MS) is an autoimmune disease that affects the brain and spinal cord(central nervous system). MS is caused by damage to the myelin sheath, the protective covering that surrounds nerve

cells. When this nerve covering is damaged, nerve impulses are slowed down or stopped. The nerve damage is caused by inflammation which occurs when the body's own immune cells attack the nervous system. Repeated episodes of inflammation can occur along any area of the brain, optic nerve, and spinal cord. Symptoms vary, because the location and severity of each attack can be different. Episodes can last for days, weeks, or months. These episodes alternate with periods of reduced or no symptoms. Fever, hot baths, sun exposure, and stress can trigger or worsen attacks.

  CCVI Liberation for Multiple Sclerosis


CCSVI Liberation treatment and Multiple Sclerosis

CCSVI occurs in only about 30% of MS patients. Chronic cerebro-spinal venous insufficiency (CCSVI) is a syndrome in which the flow of blood in the cervical and thoracic veins, from the central nervous system (CNS) to the heart, is compromised and less efficient. It is proposed that insufficient venous blood flow, in turn, promotes development of brain dysfunction, especially multiple sclerosis.

 

The reported blood flow compromises involve both reduced and intermittently reversed flow velocities in the cerebral veins, changed brain capillary dynamics (altering the blood-brain barrier), and are reportedly associated with stenosis of the jugular and azygos veins. Paolo Zamboni in 2008 reported an association of CCSVI with multiple sclerosis (MS). The hypothesis has generated optimism, especially from patients, for more effective treatment options for multiple sclerosis.

 

Symptoms and consequences

Potential consequences of the syndrome could be hypoxia, delayed perfusion, reduced drainage of the catabolites and increased transmural pressure, and iron deposits around the cerebral veins.

 

Pathophysiology, Diagnosis and Treatment

MS patients diagnosed with CCSVI undergo catheterization of the azygous and IJV veins and such veins are stenosed in around 90% of the cases. Malformed blood vessels caused increased deposition of iron in the brain, which in turn triggers autoimmunity and degeneration of the nerve’s myelin sheath. Nevertheless iron deposition occurs in different neurological diseases such as Alzheimer’s disease or Parkinson’s disease but CCSVI was not seen in their control group with neurological problems.

 

CCSVI was first found combining extracranial and transcranial doppler sonography. Five parameters of venous drainage have been proposed to be characteristic of the syndrome, although having two of them is enough for diagnosis of CCSVI. They are: reflux in the internal jugular and vertebral veins, reflux in the deep cerebral veins, high-resolution B-mode evidence of stenosis of the internal jugular, flow in the internal jugular or vertebral veins that could not be detected with Doppler, and reverted postural control of the main cerebral venous outflow pathways.

 

Use of Magnetic resonance venography for the diagnosis of CCSVI in MS patients has limited value, and has been proposed to be used only in combination with other techniques. Balloon angioplasty has been used to treat MS patients who had been diagnosed of CCSVI and had their cerebral veins stenosed. These surgeries have clinical benefit, especially in those patients with the relapsing-remitting subtype.

 

Heal & Wheel India’s role in your surgical trip …
Before coming to India for the surgery you will be in constant communication with our expert panel of surgeons here in India, They will advise you to lose weight if you are overweight. Every minute detail will be taken care off before and after the surgery for example placing things within reach in your house, usage of raised toilet seats, shower table etc.

Heal & Wheel understands your emotional needs as much as your physical ones. Thus what we work hard to provide is peace of mind. With significant experience and expertise in medical procedures. Heal and Wheel ensures you best quality medical treatment at most competitive prices coupled with the best recuperation vacation. We have tied up with the best in the Indian healthcare industry and deal only with internationally reputed experienced doctors with brilliant professional case histories.

 

We understand that security and hygiene are your utmost concerns. We have taken measures to ensure you the most hygienic and secure environs while you are with us in India. Heal and wheel is also famous for its excellent pre and post treatment follow up patient care services. We keep all your information confidential while closely following HIPAA standards. We remain in constant communication with your doctor back at home, both before and after your surgery in India.

 

 
 

Procedures

 

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